College

Station Id: CMO
Location: Fairbanks, AK
Latitude: 64.8742°N
Longitude: 147.8597°W
Geomagnetic Latitude: 65.38°
Geomagnetic Longitude: 261.63°
Elevation: 197 meters
Orientation: HDZF
Jack Townshend standing by the sign outside the College International Geophysical Observatory.

The Geomagnetic Program, then part of the US Coast and Geodetic Survey, began work in Fairbanks during the Second International Polar Year, 1932-1934, as part of an effort with the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism of the Carnegie Institution. Collaborative work with the University of Alaska began in the 1940's, with the full-fledged College observatory commencing operation in 1948. Today, the College observatory is located on the College International Geophysical Observaotyr (CIGO), a facility established in 1996 through a collaborative effort between the USGS Geomagnetism Program and the University of Alaska. The CIGO is managed by the University's Geophysical Institute. In 2009, the 46-acre site was renamed to the Jack Townshend CIGO, in honor of longtime USGS employee Jack Townshend, the visionary and developer of the site.

An aerial view of College International Geophysical Observatory.

An aerial view of College International Geophysical Observatory (CIGO).

Magnetic observatory buildings at the CIGO magnetic observatory, Fairbanks, AK.

Magnetic observatory buildings at the College International Geophysical Observatory (CIGO) Fairbanks, AK.

* Pictures courtesy of Jeff Fox